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Varasgaon: Institute of Social Service (Jeevan Dhara)
Social Empowerment and Sustainable Livelihood Initiatives for the Katkari Tribals in Raigad Maharashtra

Institute of Social Service (Jeevan Dhara)
Opp. Bhira Junction Varasgaon Tal. Roha, Dt Raigad, Maharashtra, India PIN - 402304
Ms Margaret D'Britto-Director
Ms Hilda Fernandes Project Coordinator

Beneficiaris 500->1500 persones en grups de microcrèdits (SHG)
Duració tres anys
Import 7700 Euros/any

Localització a Google Maps


To promote self-reliance among the masses
To enable action against injustice through a process of networking with the government and likeminded NGOs.
To enhance the standard of living of the target groups by generating sustainable livelihood.
To create a more gender just and equal society for all irrespective of class and economic barriers.
To enhance quality of education and increase alternatives for the youth

Raigad is a coastal district situated on the West Coast. It is slightly extended in the north-south direction, and has a long indented coastline. It is bounded with Thane district to the north and Ratnagiri district to the south. The district has an area of 7148 sq. kms. and a population of 2,634,200 of which male and female were 1,344,345 and 1,289,855 respectively according to the 2011 census. The district has a long indented coastline and is drained mostly by short westward flowing parallel streams, which originate in the Sahyadri hills in the east and flow into the Arabian Sea. The climate of the district is typical of that on the West Coast of India with plentiful regular and seasonal rainfall during the monsoon season. Being a coastal district the seasonal variations in temperatures are not large. The south-west monsoon commences by about the first week of June and it continues till the beginning of October. The average annual rainfall for the district as a whole is 3028.9 mm. The soil of the district is essentially derived from the deccan trap, which is the predominant rock formation of the district. The main soil types in the district are forest soils, varkas soils, rice soils, khar or salt soils coastal alluvium and Latinate soils.

Raigad district is a tribal district and as many as 39 scheduled tribes were recorded in the district. Five major tribes recorded were (a) Kathodi (katkari) (b) kolimahadew (c) Thakurs (d) Oraon and (e) Varoli.  The work participation rate among scheduled tribes was 45.28 % corresponding to 37.39% of the district. They were mainly engaged as agricultural labourers. Among the major tribes, Kolimahadeo were mainly engaged in livestock etc, Thakur in cultivation and Kathodies in agricultural labour. Kathkari or Kathodi is one of the three 'Primitive Tribal Groups' in Maharashtra along with Madhia Gond and Kolam. Katkari are socially and economically on the lowest rungs of the development ladder. Most of the families are caught up in a vicious cycle of poverty, indebtedness and bonded labour. They are generally landless and depend on labour for their livelihood.

In the target community almost all farmers do not have their own irrigation facility whereas the rich people have their own irrigation facilities. Another reason for inadequate irrigation is that all farmers are dependent on the rains for water.  Though there are small streams and rivers that flow through the villages for some time during the year, the tribal?s have not enough or inadequate possibilities to trap or store the water, most often than not, families are unable to access it there is unequal distribution of water resources because the powerful people have a hold on it and they have the means and resources to avail of the water.  The total rain fall in the areas is 850 MM which is not sufficient, while erratic rainfall causes loss of farming possibilities.